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5 Whys (5 Ys) A simple but effective method of analysing and solving problems by asking “why?” five times (or as many times as needed to find the root cause).
5S The principle of waste elimination through workplace organisation. Derived from the Japanese words seiri, seiton, seiso, seiketsu, and shitsuke. In English the 5S are Sort, Straighten, Shine, Standardise and Sustain.
7 Wastes There are 7 types of waste that describe all wasteful activity in a production environment. Elimination of the 7 wastes leads to improved profits. The 7 wastes are 1) Overproduction 2) Transportation 3) Motion 4) Waiting 5) Processing 6) Inventory and 7) Defects.
A3 Report This “A3″ sized (420mm x 297mm) form is used at Toyota as a one-sheet problem evaluation, root cause analysis, and corrective action planning tool.
Abnormality Management Being able to see and quickly take action to correct abnormalities (any straying from Standard Work). This is the goal of standardisation and visual management.
Activity Based Costing (ABC) A management accounting system that assigns cost to products based on the resources used to perform a process.
Agile Manufacturing Agile manufacturers must recognise the volatility of change, and put mechanisms in place to deal with it.
Andon A tool of visual management, originating from the Japanese word for lamp. Most commonly, andons are lights placed on machines or on production lines to indicate operation status.
Assembly Buffer The time buffer placed before an assembly operation on non-drum parts where drum components are assembled with non-drum components.
 Automatic Time The time when a machine is running on auto cycle and a person does not needed to be there to operate the machine.
 Autonomation Stopping a line automatically when a defective part is detected.

 

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